Gum recession refers to the process where the margin of gum tissue around the teeth begins to wear away or pull back. This exposes more of the tooth or the root. Gum recession is when there are “pockets” or gaps between the teeth and gum line. This makes it easier for disease-causing bacteria buildup. If not treated, the supporting tissues and bone structures can become severely damaged and could eventually lead to tooth loss.
What Causes Gums to Recede?
Recession can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
Periodontal disease: These infections are caused by bacteria and can cause gum disease. Gum disease is the most common cause of gum recession.
Your genes: Gum disease may be more common in some people than others. Studies show that gum disease may predispose 30% of the population, regardless of how good their teeth are cared for.
Too aggressive tooth brushing: Brushing your teeth too hard, or in the wrong direction can lead to enamel wear and receding.
Insufficient dental care: Inadequate dental care. This can cause gum recession.
Tobacco products: Sticky plaque can lead to gum recession in people who smoke.
Clenching and grinding: your teeth can cause damage to your teeth. Grinding your teeth or clenching them can cause gum receding.
A misaligned bite or crooked teeth: can lead to misaligned teeth. Too much force on the gums or bone can cause teeth to come apart unevenly, which can lead to receding gums.
Perforating the lips or tongue: with a body tool. Jewellery can cause irritation to gum tissue and rub it.
How is gum recession treated?
Your dentist may be able treat mild gum recession by deep cleaning the area. Deep cleaning, also known as tooth scaling or root planning, removes plaque and tartar from the teeth and roots below the gum line. The exposed root area is then smoothened to prevent bacteria from attaching to the root. To eliminate any harmful bacteria, antibiotics may also be administered.
Gum surgery or Periodontics Disease Treatment by Dr Chandrahas in Hyderabad may be necessary to correct gum recession if deep cleaning is not possible due to excessive bone loss and pockets that are too deep.